Tempe is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a population of 169,712 according to 2006 Census Bureau estimates.
Tempe is a major suburb of Phoenix and is located immediately southeast.
On New Year's Eve, the city hosts the Insight Fiesta Bowl Block Party, one of the nation's largest New Year's Eve parties. The event typically has a national band heading a concert, along with several other local and national bands.
It was also the site of one of the three Presidential debates in 2004 and Super Bowl XXX.
The Hohokam initially lived in this area and built canals to support their agriculture.
Fort McDowell was established on the upper Salt River in 1865 allowing the safe establishment of communities further down the Salt River.
Tempe was an amalgamation of two settlements 'Hayden's Ferry' and 'San Pablo' located west and east of Hayden Butte, respectively. The two settlements benefited from the Tempe Irrigating Canal Company which provided the water for alfalfa, wheat, barley, oats and cotton.
The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempe, linking the town to the nation's growing transportation system.
Tempe became one of the most important business and shipping centers for the surrounding agricultural area.
The completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 guaranteed enough water to meet the growing needs of Valley farmers from the early 20th century to the present.
On his way to dedicate the dam, former President Theodore Roosevelt applauded the accomplishments of the people of central Arizona and predicted that their towns would grow to become prosperous cities.
Less than a year later, Arizona became the 48th state, and the Salt River Valley was well on its way to becoming the new population center of the Southwest.
The Salt River runs west through the northern part of Tempe; part of the river is dammed in two places to create Tempe Town Lake.
The city of Tempe is bordered by Mesa to the east, Scottsdale to the north, Phoenix and Guadalupe to the west, and Chandler to the south.
Tempe is generally flat, except for Hayden Butte (locally known as A-Mountain), located next to Sun Devil Stadium, Twin Buttes and Bell Butte on the western edge of Tempe, and Papago Park northwest of Tempe, inside Phoenix.
The Arizona State University Art Museum is located on the university's campus and houses all types of media created by American artists.
ASU's Grady Gammage Auditorium presents a variety of theatrical performances, including Broadway hits, international dance and music presentations.
Info from WorldWeb.
Tempe's outdoor activities and sporting events add to Tempe's dynamic lifestyle.
Twin bicycle and walking paths circle the lake leading to Tempe Beach Park, Splash Playground, Town Lake Marina and Giuliano Park, where many triathlons take place.
In addition, Tempe has more than 150 miles of dedicated bikeways and the League of American Bicyclists has designated Tempe a Silver-Level Bicycle-Friendly Community Award winner.
A unique shopping experience awaits you in Tempe.
There are no major league professional team sports in Tempe. Many residents follow the teams in nearby Phoenix and Glendale.
For a list of all Sports Teams in Arizona click here
Tempe is served by a variety of school districts.
Other portions are served by:
Tempe is the most densely-populated city in the state and serves as a crossroads for its largest communities due to its location. Freeways make up the major transportation system for the Valley.
operates bus routes and is building a light rail system
that will serve Downtown Tempe and Arizona State University, providing service to Phoenix and Mesa when the initial segment opens in 2008.
Information from Wikipedia